At a Glance
|Strategic Outcomes||SO1 Reduced GHG emission, SO2 Creation of green jobs, SO3 Increased access to sustainable services|
|Start Date||Q1 January 2020|
|End Date||q3 2023|
|Actual Budget (USD)||0|
|Actual Expenditure (USD)|
|GGGI Share (USD)|
|Poverty and Gender Policy Markers|
|Name of Client (Lead/Prime implementer if GGGI is part of a consortium)||Ministry of Agriculture & rural Equipment|
|Participating Organization (Funding/donor)||Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit – GIZ|
|Name of consortium members, if any|
GGGI Project Code : SN12
Project Manager and Staff +
Project Context, Objectives & Description
In the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the agri-food sector represents one of the main pillars of the economy as it plays an important role in food security, employs around 55% of the population and contributes to about 30% of GDP per year. However, the sector faces many difficulties including the excessive use of fossil fuels (which accentuates the adverse effects on climate change), high costs of energy consumption, limited access to energy and/or water, etc. As part of the activities of the West Africa regional hub of the Water and Energy for Food project (PEEPA/WE4F), funded by the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and implemented by the GIZ, it is planned to disseminate climate-friendly, energy-saving and sustainable energy and/or water innovations. The ultimate goals of the initiative are to:
- Increase food production along the value chain through a more sustainable and efficient usage of water and/or energy.
- Increase income for base of the pyramid women and men in both rural and urban areas.
- Sustainably scale innovators’ solutions to meet the challenges in the WE4F nexus.
- Promote climate and environmental resilience and biodiversity through the sustainable, holistic management of natural resources and ecosystems.
Started in 2014, the first phase of the Senegalese PRACAS (program to accelerate the pace of Senegalese agriculture) included an initial target of rice self-sufficiency with a total production of 1.6 million tons rice paddy by the end 2017. However, the rice production has been varying from one year to another under the influence of various factors such as rainfall conditions, availability of inputs, seeds quality and aggravated by high costs of energy with unreliable supply from the grid at times. As a result, the target of PRACAS one has not been met and the production was estimated at around one (1) million tons at the end of 2017. Agriculture has contributed up to 16.1% of the country’s GDP the same year and employs roughly 70% of the active population. The Senegalese rice sector is characterized by high processing and logistics costs, high energy prices and interruptions in the supply of energy through the grid as well as varying rainfall patterns. The introduction of green energy solutions could contribute to saving money, creating jobs and reducing GHG emissions in the sector. The cost of electricity in Senegal is among the highest in Sub Saharan Africa at around USD 0.20~0.25/kWh given the reliance on petroleum imported products used for energy generation. Senegal’s INDCs identifies the agriculture sector as the largest contributor to the country’s GHG emissions (44.5%).
WE4F/GIZ has solicited the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) for a proposal covering the objectives stated above.
To assess the waste to energy potential at the country level, GGGI had mandated in 2017 a market study that covered fifteen sectors (municipal waste, wastewater treatment plants, septic tank sludge plants, sugar cane, rice, groundnut, cereals, cotton, fruits and vegetables, fishing, cattle farms, industrial poultry, slaughterhouses, brewery and typha) to estimate the energy production, the availability of technology, the energy valorization (on-grid or off-grid) and the alignment with Government’s priorities. Findings of the study highlighted the rice sector because of the large volumes of waste produced annually that could be valorized. In addition, considering the prioritization of the sector by the Government of Senegal with its National Program for Self-Sufficiency, a high potential for replicability for rice husk waste to energy projects was identified. To date, with an annual rice production estimated at 1 million tons, there is approximately 200,000 tons of rice husk resulting from paddy transformation in Senegal (20% of the total production is husk). Most of that waste (rice husk) is disposed in nature and the remaining used as bedding for livestock or sold to cement plants for a negligible cost.
Type of services provided and expected results
The present project proposal builds on GGGI’s past support extended to the 5 related rice mills, deepening the analysis conducted and extending it to energy efficiency measures, providing rice mills’ key staff with advice, plans and tools to implement the selected measures and supporting the mobilization of financing for their implementation.
The activities developed under this project cover access to climate finance and investment project preparation. These are in alignment with:
- Senegal’s national priorities enshrined in the country’s Emerging Senegal Plan (Objective of reducing air pollution with fine particles (PM 2.5) and GHG emissions from 13,331Gg CO2e in 2017 to 27,000 in 2023 of the PSE PAP2), NDCs (Target reduction of emissions in the energy sector by 9,76% (1,490 Gg CO²e in 2025 from business as usual ) as well as its contribution to SDGs (SDG#2, SDG#7 and SDG#9)).
- Senegal’s PRACAS 2 which has a target of total rice production (rainfed and irrigated) of 2.1 million tons rice paddy by 2022.
- GGGI’s Strategic Outcome of 1,000 million tons of CO2e GHG emissions from 2017 to 2030, creation of green jobs, increased access to sustainable services.
- GGGI’s Intermediate Outcome 2 on increased green investments flows.
- GGGI Senegal’s Country Planning Framework endorsed by the GoS, particularly the objective of increased capacities & knowledge of government & private sector on green investment, and potential to access and Renewable Energy for Productive Use (RE4PU) green projects. The proposed project will allow to conduct the necessary additional feasibility study to develop the projects and will contribute to mobilizing green for Senegal to achieve its NDC targets. The project will help generate savings of at least 500 tCO2e by end 2022.
- Outcome A: 5 rice mills are implementing at least 2 of the recommended energy investments, and one mill is implementing at least 4 recommended actions resulting from the energy audit and cost-benefit analysis of the audit recommendations;
- Outcome B: Mitigation of 500 tCO2e avoided by 2022 in the 5 factories (quantity of greenhouse gas emissions to be further revised depending on the results of the energy audit);
- Outcome C: Results of the analyzes presented during at least two international events. Case studies are published online on Energypedia, the WE4F website and on YouTube as well as disseminated through social media channels.