MM03 Mangrove Restoration Program in Myanmar

At a Glance

Strategic Outcomes SO1 Reduced GHG emission, SO2 Creation of green jobs, SO5 Supply of ecosystem services ensured, SO6 Enhanced adaptation to climate change
Start Date Q1  Apr 1 2019
End Date q1 Dec 31 2020
Funding Source Earmarked, Core
Actual Budget (USD) 150,920
Budget Percentage 85%
Actual Expenditure (USD) 128,164
Status Active
GGGI Share (USD) 150,920
Poverty and Gender Policy Markers poverty, gender
Name of Client (Lead/Prime implementer if GGGI is part of a consortium) Aaron Russell
Participating Organization (Funding/donor) MAVA Foundation
Name of consortium members, if any University of Queensland
Thematic Area
  • Forest (Sustainable) Landscapes
GGGI Project Code : MM03
Project Manager and Staff +
Aaron Russell

Country Representative, Uzbekistan

Ingvild Solvang

Deputy Director and Head of Climate Action and Inclusive Development

Juan Jose Robalino

Sr. Associate-Trade and Value Chain Analyst at Global Green Growth Institute

Luis Miguel Aparicio

Lead Officer, Forest and Land Use Business Development at Global Green Growth Institute

Maria Cecilia Paña

Senior Regional Program Officer, Asia at Global Green Growth Institute

Project Overview

Myanmar has the highest annual rates (~1%) of mangrove deforestation in the world and may have the third-highest potential annual CO2 emissions (784 kg CO2e yr-1) and would contribute to 18% of the total potential CO2 emission due to mangrove deforestation (Atwood et al. 2017). The Ayeyarwady Delta mangroves shrank by 64.2% between 1978 and 2011, from 262,300 to just 93,800 hectares (MONREC/REDD+ MYANMAR/UN-REDD, 2017). In 2017, the GoM endorsed GGGI’s support for a Coastal Landscape Restoration Program.  

GGGI’s early baseline assessment has identified that the establishment of community forests is seen as a useful avenue to attain coastal landscape restoration.  Local communities recognize the value of conserving forests surrounding their dwellings both for protection against extreme weather events and as a source of sustenance given the importance of habitat conditions for crab and fish populations. These were also identified as mangrove compatible value chains in the bio-economy scoping assessment conducted in 2018. It is recognized that in the absence of these shelter-belts the exposure to extreme events is increased, therefore the local communities understand the value of restoring mangrove forests near their dwellings.  

Lack of clear and transparent rules for allocation of forest-carbon rights to local communities and project developers prevent the implementation of forest carbon projects for the voluntary or regulatory markets. 

International climate finance such as REDD+ phase III (results-based payments), CORSIA, and Paris Agreement’s Article 6 -ITMOs and -ERs are foreseen as potential sources of climate finance that could allow expanding the initial progress attained by mangrove restoration projects/initiatives, based on verified compliance at the jurisdictional scale (at least). For this to materialize, several governance decisions (including carbon rights allocation and benefits sharing mechanisms), and technical capacity improvements are required.  On the other hand, the absence of financial mechanisms to channel climate finance resources hampers to the adoption of sustainable management and restorative practices based on community forestry. 

The objective of the project is to develop the investment case for coastal landscape mangrove restoration in Myanmar, with an initial entry point in Ayeyarwady Region, through support for enabling policy environment, analyses of potential natural capital value-chain returns, assessment of potential benefit-sharing considerations, and financing needs. 

This project is aligned with IO1. Strengthened national, sub-national and local green growth planning, financing, and institutional frameworks.

Project Impacts, Outcomes and Outputs

Impact: Mangrove forest is restored in the lower Ayeyarwady delta. 

Outcome: N/A 

Project Outputs Completed in 2019: FREL policy brief 

Project Outputs completed in 2020: Bio-based Value Chain Analysis for Sustainable Mangrove Restoration, Economic Appraisal of Ayeyarwady Mangrove Forests, The 3Returns Framework: A method for decision-making towards sustainable landscapes

i. Green Growth Policies: N/A

ii. Green Investments: N/A

iii. Capacity Building and Knowledge Products: 

Total of 5 knowledge products delivered e.g. FREL policy brief, Social analysis of key mangrove value chains, Case Study Analysis of Benefit Sharing Mechanisms for Community Forestry, Bio-based Value Chain Analysis for Sustainable Mangrove Restoration – Ayeyarwady Delta-Myanmar, Economic Appraisal of Ayeyarwady Delta Mangrove Forests, and the 3Returns Framework: a method for decision making towards sustainable landscapes. 

iv. Implementing Partners

  • Forest Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation Department
  • Environmental Conservation Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation Department
  • Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation
  • Ayeyarwady Regional Government