Peru’s rapid economic growth in the last decade has consolidated its status as an upper-middle income country and established its aspirations for membership in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). To this end, the Government of Peru (GoP) has committed to ambitious green growth goals that seek to reconcile economic development with the imperative of improving the livelihoods of its citizenry and sustainably managing its natural resource base and rich biodiversity.
In 2015, the GoP commissioned the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) to undertake a Green Growth Potential Assessment (GGPA), which highlighted three major areas with high-impact potential for achieving Peru’s green growth vision: sustainable landscapes, water and energy.
First, sustainable landscapes activities in Peru employ 25%1 of the country’s workforce while contributing to over half of the country’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through land-use change.
Second, water resource management is a multi-level challenge. The Pacific Basin, home to over half of the country’s population3 and the majority of agricultural production, faces the greatest level of water stress as it contains less than 2%4 of the total water supply.
Finally, climate change impacts associated with extreme events such as droughts pose formidable challenges to the reliability of Peru’s water-dependent energy sector. This impacts the sustainability of electricity services, and the long-term sustainability and competitiveness of Peru’s growth model.