Effectively launched in 2020, the MRV project is nationally supported by the Ministry of Environment, Green Economy and Climate Change of the Republic of Burkina Faso. In April 2020, the project team started the implementation with an assessment at national level. This is the Rapid Assessment work with a series of activities that have been conducted, particularly around data collection and deliverables production (literature review, Interviews with keys partners and stakeholders at national level, analysis of existing data, technical sessions with keys sectors and experts). This work has led to the development of several documents, among which: The Assessment of existing MRV initiatives in Burkina Faso and the mapping of institutions at the national level working on MRV.
From the study/ evaluation we understood that, from 2001 to 2020, Burkina has made an Intentionally Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC); three National Communications (CN), the third is under validation; three greenhouse gas inventories (GHGI); one national adaptation plan (NAP); one national adaptation program of action (NAPA); and one Biennial Updated Report (BUR). Were submitted to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: In 2015, the INDC (October), the PNA (October), and the second NC (April); In 2007: the PANA (November); and In 2002: the first CN (May), and a national GHG inventory report (May).
Three greenhouse gas inventories (GHGI) 2001, 2007 and 2019 were used, as the basis for the preparation of the above-mentioned reports.
Also, and as part of this study, it was found that the existing MRV systems in Burkina are not yet formalized; and the following weaknesses were noted: Very little or even no institutional arrangements; No procedural arrangements; Weak legal and regulatory arrangements; Weakness of the backup and archiving system; For the development of skills, there has been a motivation and an availability of a critical mass strongly committed; but lacking of a strategic plan for skills development within the governmental structures, involved in the development of GHGI.
The following strong points were also noted: A strong mobilization of the governing bodies in the development of GHGI and reports to be submitted to the secretariat of the UNFCCC; Deconcentrating of the statistical services, in general direction of statistics within the various ministries; The availability of technical skills within the INSD (National Institute for Statistics and demography), as well as at the universities and research centers, to participate in the development of country specific parameters; An improvement in the GHGI methodology used, and greater sectoral coverage due to the acquisition of new skills, and an increase in the pool of national experts; The availability of TFPs (technical and financial partners) to support the development and implementation of a formalized and effective MRV system in Burkina Faso; and the strong mobilization of Burkina Faso to fulfill its commitments under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement.
The Institutional mapping of the MRV systems in Burkina Faso reveal that the structure is organized around the Directorate of Green Economy and Climate change (DGEVC) and the permanent secretary of the council of sustainable development (SP/CNDD) where the UNFCCC focal point seats.
The MRV Project is financially supported by the Swedish Government for 36 months