At a Glance
|Start Date||Q1 2017|
|Actual Budget (USD)||0|
|Actual Expenditure (USD)|
|GGGI Share (USD)|
|Poverty and Gender Policy Markers|
|Name of Client (Lead/Prime implementer if GGGI is part of a consortium)|
|Participating Organization (Funding/donor)|
|Name of consortium members, if any|
India’s INDC emphasizes the government’s goal of ensuring Electricity for All – The Indian government has promised to provide 24×7 electricity to all by 2019. At present, close to 50 million Indian households have little or no access to power. India has an electrification rate of 78.7%, with a large proportion of the underserved households concentrated in rural areas (DDDUGJY October 2016). The lack of energy access is particularly pronounced in the states of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh and Assam. Kerosene and diesel are the primary fuels for meeting energy needs, which causes high levels of air pollution.
OGE companies can play an important role in improving access to energy for un-electrified households in India. The demand for OGE systems from end-consumers is high because of accessibility to cheaper and cleaner energy sources. The total capital requirement for the access to energy sector in India has been estimated to be US$6 – 8 billion (cKinetics 2017).
Table 1: Off-grid energy sector capital demand
|OGE Sub-segment||Estimated market size (No.)||Estimated capital demand|
|Pico, Micro and Mini-Grids||5,000 mini-grid systems||USD 500 million (over the next 5 years)|
|Solar Pumping||1 million pumps (over next 5 years)||USD 5 – 7 billion (over the next 5 years)|
|Solar Home Lighting Systems||200,000 households (annually)||USD 50 – 75 million (current annual demand)|
There are close to 100 companies operating within the different OGE market segments – solar home systems, mini-grids, pico-grids and solar irrigation. However, most of the existing companies are small and are not able to grow their operations profitably. The primary reason for this has been identified as unavailability of debt capital at appropriate terms and conditions from domestic lenders.
Around 20 companies have been assessed to be debt ready with credit enhancement support (cKinetics 2017). These companies are on a growth track and are now operational for 2-3 years. The sector requires close to US$180 million in low cost debt with up to 8-year tenor over the next 5 years as growth capital. The FIs still maintain a high-risk perception on the off-grid energy sector and thus do not offer capital with required terms and conditions.
Building on 2015-2016 work
During the scoping phase in 2016, GGGI conducted a detailed assessment of challenges faced by the off-grid energy sector in India, engaging key stakeholders and government counterparts, where lack of debt capital was identified as the most critical barrier. In the 2017-18 WPB, a GGGI-designed innovative debt fund will unlock the decentralized renewable energy market by making available capital to enterprises for capital expenditure and working capital requirements, and at the same time help develop an ecosystem of investors, lenders, and development institutions.
• Increased local currency lending to the off-grid energy sector by domestic financial institutions
• 1.5 million households are provided with electricity access
News • July 22, 2019
Ministry of Infrastructure and GGGI invite key stakeholders to discuss Public Space agenda in Rwanda
The Ministry of Infrastructure (MININFRA) in collaboration with GGGI hosted Thematic Sector Working Group Meeting on Public Spaces. Sector Working Groups are set as a mechanism in Rwanda to prepare yearly forward looking Joint Sector Review that monitors activities within the sector. As an introduction to the urbanization sector in Rwanda , the first Thematic […]
News • April 5, 2019
On 28th March 2019 a consultation for stakeholders in the Urbanization and Built Environment sector was held to discuss the establishment of the Center of Excellence for Green Urbanization, at Lemigo Hotel in Kigali. The Ministry of Environment with the Ministry of Infrastructure hosted the consultation alongside the Global Green Growth Institute as a facilitator, […]