India is urbanizing rapidly with 31.6% of population staying in urban areas as per Census 2011 data. This rapid urbanization has led to multiple urban management issues including waste management. As per India’s Second Biennial Update Report to UNFCCC in 2018, Methane from solid waste disposal was 717 Gg. Thus, reducing the emissions from the waste sector would be a significant step in achieving the NDC targets of India.
GGGI, through its mandate to promote green growth, had undertaken a dipstick study in 2018 in three municipalities of Bhopal, Ghaziabad and Bengaluru to map and understand the solutions around organic wet waste management. Based on the outcomes of the study followed by deliberations in the national workshop, Compressed Biogas (CBG) also called as BioCNG came out as the most promising option for managing organic wet waste in Municipalities. In line with GGGI’s ‘Green Growth Strategy for Karnataka’ document, a detailed analysis was carried out for Bengaluru to commercialize the CBG/BioCNG within the parameters of existing regulatory, financial and technology options. A DBFOT public-private partnership model between a private operator and Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) has been identified as the best-fit model.
GGGI will be supporting BBMP to roll out the project based on recommendations of this report.