In August, 2015, in Addis Ababa, two reports that present climate resilience strategies for the agriculture, forestry, water, irrigation and energy sectors in Ethiopia were launched by the Ministry of Environment and Forest (MEF), the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) and the Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy (MoWIE) in collaboration with GGGI. These strategies aim to support Ethiopia’s goal to achieve middle income status by 2025 through the successful integration of the government’s Climate Resilient and Green Economy (CRGE) vision into the five year national economic development framework, also known as Phase Two of the Growth and Transformational Plan (GTP II).
1. Agriculture and Forestry Climate Resilience Strategy
The Government of Ethiopia’s (GoE) Agriculture and Forestry Strategy highlights the need to engage in more climate resilient activities in these two vital sectors, which make up 43% of national GDP and employ 80% of the population. The strategies for these sectors focus on agricultural crops, livestock, forestry, food security and disaster prevention, and are designed to move Ethiopia’s economy from agricultural dependence to a greater GDP share based on services and industry. GoE projections highlight the importance of moving away from such a climate vulnerable economic model to a more sustainable and inclusive growth model that simultaneously improves livelihoods in the long term.
2. Water and Energy Climate Resilience Strategy
The Water and Energy Strategy is designed to effectively leverage these important sectors, which are expected to contribute approximately 7.2 billion USD to the projected GDP growth over the GTPII period. According to this strategy, 42% of MtCO2e savings will come from energy and water activities. Ethiopia’s hydropower is largely dependent on rainfall, so assessing and combating the challenges related to rainfall variability, for example, will be critical to food security and livelihoods.
GGGI will work alongside the GoE to ensure the smooth implementation of these strategies. The strategy development process was supported by the Embassy of Norway, the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development, and the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB).