Mongolia is Greening its Education Buildings and Facilities

The Government of Mongolia is one step closer to realize its ambition to green its public buildings. Green Development Policy of Mongolia 2030 (2015) and its Implementation Action Plan set out to develop a model green public building design to mainstream green building principles across all public buildings, in line with other climate change goals and sustainable development vision. Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) supported Ministry of Environment and Tourism and the Municipal Government of Ulaanbaatar in their efforts to design a demonstration green kindergarten.

Shortage of seats in education buildings and facilities are increasingly becoming a critical issue in Mongolia, particularly in Ulaanbaatar City, due to rapid population growth and rural-to-urban migration in Ulaanbaatar City. According to Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, in the past 5 years, kindergarten enrolment increased by 25%, from 193 672 in 2013 to 256 720 in 2018. However, there are about 60 000 kindergarten-aged children who have no access to pre-school education due to shortage of kindergarten buildings and facilities.

The Government of Mongolia has signed a USD 50 million Loan Agreement with Asian Development Bank, on 4 April 2018, to finance growing demand for education buildings, under five-year project titled “Sustaining Access to and Quality of Education During Economic Difficulties Project”. A demonstration Green Kindergarten is included in the loan package, and allocated USD 600 000. Procurement expected to commence on the first quarter of 2019. The demonstration kindergarten has capacity of 125 seats and located in the ger area of 25th khoroo of Songinokhairkhan District of Ulaanbaatar City. “According to the Cost-Benefit Analysis of green kindergarten project, the initial investment for construction of green kindergarten is 26% higher than that of initial investment costs for building ordinary kindergarten, however, fixed costs, including heating, electricity, water, waste water treatment is 16.6-99.5% lower compared with same costs of ordinary kindergarten building” said Mrs. Uranchimeg. Ts, Head of Green Technology and Investment department of MET.

The demonstration kindergarten is equipped with various green technologies and solutions that are previously tested in Mongolia. Once constructed, building performance will be continuously monitored and evaluated. It is expected that model green building design will be replicated and scaled-up across Mongolia.
GGGI wishes to thank leadership of Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Municipal Government of Ulaanbaatar for their leadership and commitment to mainstream green building principles into the public building procurements. Green Kindergarten design is developed jointly by the Building Technology LLC and Green Building Institute.

GGGI handed over Demonstration design of Public green kindergarten design officially to Ministry of Environment and Tourism on 4 May, 2017.

While providing a policy-level support to Mongolian Government in its effort to mainstream green growth into national and sub-national developmental policies, GGGI is in action to implement a project to demonstrate green architectural solutions through designing and introducing sustainable financial mechanisms of kindergarten building in one of the most needed districts of Ulaanbaatar.
The following main principles have been used as key criteria to define applicability of green kindergarten building technology solutions: (i) resource efficiency; (ii) technology friendliness from both educations users and environment perspectives; (iii) Cost effectiveness and (iv) overall green building principles, including indoor air quality, comfort level, use of renewable energy that has implications to overall climate change mitigation, safety and other requirements for outdoor environment and (v) social inclusiveness.