What we are reading

Considerable effort has been made to address the transition to a low-carbon economy. A key focus of these efforts has been on developing national low emissions development strategies (LEDS). Enabling these plans are well-functioning national, regional, and international low emission development networks and knowledge platforms. To better understand the role of LEDS, this paper examines them in relation to network theory and identifies opportunities for further refining LEDS networks based on the insights from theory and a mapping of the climate-related network space.

 

The non-prescriptive Inclusive Green Growth Toolkit developed by four International Organizations (IOs) – AfDB, OECD, UN, and WB – at the request of the G20 Development Working Group under the Mexican G20 Presidency in June 2012 and updated in July 2013 aims at providing policy-makers with:

1) A framework to help develop inclusive green growth strategies

2) ŸAn overview of some of the key tools that specifically address the challenges raised by making growth green and inclusive.

3) A brief discussion of knowledge sharing and capacity building challenges and solutions.

The July 2013 update includes two new tools on climate change and energy respectively and an updated tool on water

 

This is the most comprehensive research project that audits climate legislation across the world’s major developed and emerging economies. This new edition was launched at the 1st GLOBE Climate Legislation Summit held at the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office in January 2013.

 

The levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere that drive global warming increased to a record high in 2012, according to a report released by the World Meteorological Organization(WMO). The warming effect on our planet has risen by almost a third since 1990.

 

Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21) is a global renewable energy policy network that facilitates knowledge exchange and energy policy development. The latest report Renewable 2013 offers an overview of the renewable energy market, industry, investment and policy development worldwide.

 

Global investment in renewable energy fell 12 percent in 2012, largely due to a slump in solar prices. However, despite weakening demand in the United States and Europe, investments in developing countries continue to rise.

 

This report addresses the gap between pledged emissions reductions and reality and offers analysis into the gap between current and projected levels of emissions and how international cooperative initiatives can help minimize it.

 

This booklet offers a thorough review on the current low-carbon and green policies and practices that are taken by Asian countries.

 

This ADB study examines climate model results for adaption in key sectors in China, Japan, the Republic of Korea, and Mongolia. It also explores mitigation options and abatement potential challenges for 2020 to 2030.

 

Working Group I’s contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report contains the much-discussed summary for policymakers. Global warming is ‘unequivocal’. The warming is projected to continue under all scenarios. Explicit summaries for scientists and policy makers are offered in the report.

 

Launched earlier this year in London, the Forest Carbon Markets Report represents 162 projects in 59 countries. The report examines a variety of green strategies for injecting financial resources into projects that save or plant forest to capture carbon.

 

Many cities are exposed to the extreme risks of climate change hazards. However, it is often under-assessed and/or underestimated by many economic models. This report highlights the urgent need for drafting a new generation of economic models applying climate science, data and methods that are available.

 

Presented here is a summary for policymakers on the state of scientific knowledge on ocean acidification. This comes out of  research presented at The Third Symposium on the Ocean in a High-CO2 World.

 

Presented here is an article in the Huffington Post by Julian Hunt, member of the UK House of Lords and visiting professor at Delft University.

 

The Green Growth and Development Quarterly from The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) is one of the first regularly published publication dedicated exclusively to green growth. The edition linked above is focused on green innovation and contains, among other things, a short piece about the Green Growth Best Practice initiative (GGBP), to which GGGI has been a key partner.

 

From the OECD abstract: Rapidly accelerating growth in developing countries raises the stakes for investments in development but also the opportunities to choose how to develop. Green models for development offer an alternative that relies on and values natural assets which are essential to the well-being and livelihoods of people in developing countries. Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development explains why green growth is vital to secure a more sustainable future for developing countries. Covering 74 policies and measures from 37 countries and 5 regional initiatives, this publication outlines an action-oriented twin-track agenda to guide national and international policies and practices to successfully tackle green growth.

 

From the OECD abstract: Ethiopian society, economy and environment are so intimately interlinked that systematic attention is essential if clashes are to be resolved and synergies realised. For example, the majority of poor people are principally dependent on agriculture but, in turn, society is dependent on farmers managing land well to sustain water supplies, biodiversity and other environmental services. Such relationships are dynamic and increasingly intense: climate change, rising population, resource scarcities and price volatilities put them all under pressure. An integrated perspective that works operationally is needed – one that makes economic, social and environmental sense and that inspires stakeholders. The holistic approach that the Ethiopian Government has recently developed aims to tackle the problems inherent in growth paths that produce environmental problems, and to realise potentials from investing in Ethiopia’s natural assets. For example, the country’s agricultural products and potential for green hydroelectric power are unique attributes that could drive development in ways that are environmentally sound and provide new jobs and satisfying livelihoods…

 

A new IMF paper urges governments the world over to reform subsidies affecting products ranging from coal to gasoline.

Subsidies are intended to protect consumers by keeping prices low. But many argue subsidies are inefficient and could be replaced with better means of protecting consumers in need. This,according to the IMF, is possible if governments undertake the right reform path, and will in the process also help alleviate budgetary pressures being faced by governments.

The IMF work was carried out by regional and fiscal affairs experts from across the organization. In an interview, Carlo Cottarelli, Director of the IMF’s Fiscal Affairs Department, Masood Ahmed, Director of the Middle East and Central Asia Department, and Antoinette Sayeh, Director of the African Department spoke about what the paper will mean for the IMF’s work in countries and for the countries themselves.

Read the paper here