Rwanda is one of the leading countries for green growth in Africa and a member country of GGGI. Since 2012, GGGI has been collaborating with the Government of Rwanda (GoR), particularly the Ministry of Infrastructure (MININFRA) on national urban policy for green growth.
Rwanda has achieved impressive development progress over the past two decades, and is now working to consolidate gains in social development and accelerate growth while addressing sustainability challenges. In particular, poor infrastructure, the lack of access to electricity and limited generation capacity pose serious challenges to Rwanda’s urban population, which is growing at a rate of 4.5% – more than double the worldwide average. Further, rapid urbanization is creating severe housing shortages, which predominately impacts low-income people.
Recognizing that cities are both drivers of energy consumption and central to the country’s development, the Government of Rwanda (GoR) has made a commitment to transforming cities into loci of inclusive, sustainable green growth. This has been demonstrated by GoR’s implementation of the Second Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy II 2013-2018 (EDPRS2) in the area of green urbanization, which aims to enhance the quality of life for all Rwandans through sustained growth of 11.5%, and drive urban green growth and development in other Rwandan cities, not just the capital of Kigali.
GGGI is supporting the GoR in the implementation of EDPRS2 and the development of secondary cities as green cities with green economic opportunities. GGGI and partner institutions are working together on strategic and technical directions to develop Rwandan cities as poles of job-creation, green infrastructure and investments, anchored on low carbon and climate resilient urban planning.
In 2014, GGGI completed the Secondary City Baseline Report with preliminary analysis on the current status of six secondary cities. GGGI also proposed a Green City Framework and Guideline to assist policymakers and practitioners achieve a green development path for Rwanda’s urban development.
As a next step in 2015, a National Roadmap will be developed through fact-based analysis and inter-ministerial consultation to support a coordinated and efficient promotion of secondary cities. The Roadmap will focus on “who is doing what and where” to develop these secondary cities in a sustainable way, aiming to provide a concrete guidance and action plan as well as suggestions for investment.
Feature article: Rwanda Seeks to Improve Access to Affordable and Sustainable Housing