At a Glance
|Start Date||Q4 2015|
Colombia is a lower middle-income country rich in natural resources, particularly those in the forest sector. Forests cover half of Colombia and are critical to the livelihoods of many Colombians and the sustainability of the country in general. However, deforestation rates in Colombia’s Amazon Basin alone reached approximately 76,721 hectares/year between 2000 and 2012, which corresponds to close to 40 million tons of CO2 emissions a year.
GGGI’s engagement with the Colombian government started in early 2013 as part of an Amazon Basin effort to promote large-scale climate change financing and to adopt green growth planning.
During COP 21 in December 2015, the Colombian government signed a Joint Declaration (i.e., a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)) with several donor countries for cooperation on reducing GHG emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+). In addition, the agreement also encouraged sustainable development in Colombia, to be financed under a payment for performance scheme.
The MoU payment scheme is financed under two Modalities:
o Modality 1: Policy Design and Implementation
o Modality 2: Verified Emission Reductions
As part of this agreement, the Colombian government will receive USD 186 million in financing from the Norwegian government through an interim financial mechanism: the FCS. The funding will be split, with Modality 1 receiving up to USD 40 million and Modality 2 receiving up to USD 146 million for the period up to and including 2020.
Managed by the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), the FCS will finance projects and technical assistance while following international standards on environmental and social safeguards, as well as reporting and auditing.
Building on 2015-2016 Work
GGGI’s Country Planning Framework for Colombia identifies mainstreaming of green growth into national development policies, mobilizing sectoral green growth investments, and sustainable forestry as the key areas of focus for GGGI in the medium term. In line with this, over the WPB 2015-16 period, GGGI supported the establishment of a payment-for performance scheme to reduce deforestation in the Amazon.
In 2016, GGGI provided assistance to Colombia on delivering on the Joint Declaration of Intent (DoI) with Norway to reduce GHG emissions through REDD+ by conducting design work to structure a Financial Mechanism and strengthening Colombian institutions to receive funding as part of the Financial Mechanism under the DoI. In 2017-18, GGGI continued to support the achievement of DoI milestones through policy and implementation support and the development of investment proposals submitted to the financing mechanism.
• Reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
• Adaption to climate change impacts
• Improved quality of life for Colombia’s citizens
• Increased efficiency in transferring international climate financing to Colombia and improved capacity to manage funds.
News • November 5, 2017
By Annawati van Paddenburg, Deputy Director/Head of Sustainable Landscapes, IPSD, GGGI It is high time to prioritize peat! Good functioning healthy peatland ecosystems have been underrated in terms of the value they bring to mitigating climate change. The very first Global Peatlands Assessment: Smoke on Water – Countering global threats from peatlands loss and degradation […]
Bridging the Policy and Investment Gap for Payment for Ecosystem Services: Learning from the Costa Rican Experience and Roads Ahead
News • April 12, 2018
“Think Big” with Green Growth. The GGGI Colombia Team Initiated a New Sub-National Program with Antioquia
April 12 – Medellín, Antioquia – The GGGI Colombia team met with Governor of Antioquia Mr. Luis Gomez Gutierrez to establish a new partnership, within the framework of the Sub-National Green Growth Program partnered with the Norwegian government. The Governor of Antioquia has agreed to join this partnership, and to review a list of priorities […]
News • April 1, 2018
The Pacific Community and GGGI Partner on Inception Meeting for Ridge to Reef Initiative in Kiribati
In March 2018, the Kiribati Ministry of Environment, Lands and Agricultural Development (MELAD), the Pacific Community (SPC), and the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) hosted the inception meeting for the GEF funded “Ridge to Reef: Testing the integration of Water, Land, Forests & Coastal Management to Preserve Ecosystem Services, Store Carbon, Improve Carbon Resilience and […]