- Country: Kazakhstan
- Geographic Coverage: National
- Lead Local Agency: Kazakhstan National Green Growth Plan
- Overall Program Goals
- Identify potential key sectors for green growth in Kazakhstan and develop strategic policy directions for green growth implementation
- Draft a national water sector development program that seeks to facilitate private-public cooperation in the water sector
- Provide guidance on government policies related to energy efficiency and renewable energy
In recent years, Kazakhstan has demonstrated strong macroeconomic performance, however it faces large long-term development imbalances due, in large part, to the country’s dependence on oil as its primary industry and commodity export. Kazakhstan has also been identified as being highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. As such, the government launched the Astana Green Bridge Initiative (AGBI), which aims to promote green economic policies through knowledge sharing and green investment facilitation by bridging Europe and Asia. As part of this initiative, GGGI has partnered with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) to help the government develop its Green Economy Strategy. Additionally, GGGI has teamed up with certain government ministries for work in the water and energy sectors.
GGGI contributed multiple components to the Green Economy Strategy, including analyzing Kazakhstan’s green growth potential in an array of sectors and a macro-economic impact analysis for the case of carbon pricing introduction in Kazakhstan. Based on the findings, GGGI provided examples of strategic policy directions for green growth, which included greening existing assets, promoting new growth engines through industry restructuring, and building solid policy foundations for sustainable growth. GGGI’s work on the Strategy finished at the end of 2012.
GGGI’s water sector work in 2012 consisted of producing three comprehensive reports on the status of Kazakhstan’s water sector, international case studies of water sector reform, and recommendations to improve the investment climate in the sector, particularly in relation to public-private cooperation potential.
Lastly, GGGI contributed to the Kazakhstan National Sustainable Energy Plan. The Institute offered technical guidance to assist the Government in introducing the Voluntary Agreement, establishing the Energy Efficiency Institute, offering support for the development of secondary legislation on energy efficiency, and providing guidelines on performing energy audits in industrial sectors. GGGI also assisted with the development of a renewable energy action plan, which provided scenarios for the proper renewable energy mix to meet Kazakhstan’s renewable energy targets by 2020 and examined of policy options to meet the country’s rural off-grid energy demand. This work concluded in 2012.