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NEW DELHI – February 27, 2015 - Indian cities are at the core of the economic transformation envisaged by the Government of India. Considering the anticipated growth in cities, local governments face enormous challenges in providing urban infrastructure and services that match the growing demand sustainably while ensuring good quality of life for its citizens. In this context, green growth is an attractive alternative economic growth model.
The project on Green Growth Strategies for Indian Cities was started in January 2014. Implemented by ICLEI – Local governments for sustainability – South Asia and the National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA) with support and technical inputs from the Global Green Growth Institute, the project has now concluded with the launch of its 3 volume report:
The initiative entailed developing a Green Growth framework for Indian cities, piloting the same for 10 Indian cities and compiling a set of 15 good practices relevant to the Indian urban context. This involved assessing the current status of growth of Indian cities, understanding emerging growth patterns and trends and developing strategies that can guide growth to achieve multiple development benefits while pursuing economic growth.
Over 15 Indian cities actively participated in this initiative that lasted over twelve months and contributed by sharing their good practices, challenges and perceptions of green growth in their cities.
As the national government launches new programs such as SMART cities, Swatch Bharat Abhiyan, Urban Renewal Mission and HRIDAY (Heritage Rejuvenation and Development) Scheme, the reports provide useful inputs to enable cities in pursuing an inclusive green growth agenda.
The Urban Green Growth Strategies Program aims at defining green growth in the city context. Based upon assessment of sectoral profiles of ten geographically diverse cities, it develops a framework to balance the economic, social and environmental growth potential of Indian cities.
In parallel, recognizing that there are several successful ongoing initiatives, the program compiles a list of urban best practices and quantifies their benefits in the context of green growth. The applicability of these best practices to other Indian cities is demonstrated, by highlighting key aspects such as investment requirements, human resources, policy and institutional structures, technical capacity and financing options. Together, the framework and the best practices, provide a scientific basis for the cities to adopt an integrated approach to planning and investment, yielding multiple benefits.
The Urban Green Growth Program:
For more information about GGGI’s activities in India, please view the India country program page.
Green growth opportunities in the Indonesian Special Economic Zone of Maloy are worth billions according to a GGGI report assessing the costs and benefits of capital projects in Indonesia. The findings are a part of GGGI’s ongoing support for the Indonesia to mainstream green growth within economic and development planning processes.
GGGI and Indonesia are working together closely to develop a framework and suite of tools that will help promote and measure green growth in Indonesia through 5 core outcomes; Greenhouse gas emission reduction; Sustained economic growth; Healthy and productive ecosystems providing services; Inclusive and equitable green growth; and Social, economic and environmental resilience.
One important measurement tool being developed is the Extended Cost Benefit Analysis (eCBA), which will allow Indonesian decision-makers to identify the monetary values of public goods, environment externalities and social returns associated with many projects. The results of such assessments will, in turn, provide decision-makers with the evidence to determine the size of public and private investment flows needed to maximize these values over time.
The eCBA of the Special Economic Zone of Maloy represents the first in a series of planned assessments for selected capital projects across Indonesia. Assessments are not intended to provide a full business or investment proposal, but rather a technical analysis demonstrating the usefulness of eCBA as a planning tool to estimate the monetary benefits associated with green growth outcomes.
The Maloy eCBA, and the policy recommendations drawn from it, aim to provide decision-makers with a tangible example of how to quantify and monetize a broad range of impacts at the project-level, as well as motivate the embedding of green growth theory into Indonesia’s practical planning framework.
Maloy, located in the province of East Kalimantan, is driving development through the build-up of its palm-oil and coal-based industries, which require considerable capital investments in new and upgraded infrastructure systems such as rail, road and shipping.
The report indicates that infrastructure investments in Maloy can be made “greener” without compromising social and economic benefits. The eCBA demonstrates that the 9 green growth interventions studied in the report could have upwards of USD 3.8 Billion, or over 10% of East Kalimantan’s 2012 GDP, in Net Present Value.
The value of these results is spread out over the 5 outcomes of Indonesian green growth, and come in the form of reduced GHG emissions from energy and deforestations savings, reduced healthcare costs as a result of improved air quality, and increased revenues from ecosystem services, such as fishing and tourism, due to enhanced ecosystem protection.
The report also discusses the broad implications for how these interventions may, or may not, become “investible”. By identifying potential barriers, the report is able to put forth a range of policies remedies that will help facilitate green investments in development. These policy options include; green taxes and charges, green subsidies, electricity Feed-in Tariffs, financial guarantees and preferential financing, and payments for Ecosystem Services.
Read the report here.
Ethiopia faces an urban population explosion. Another 10 million people, possibly more, are expected to move to cities in the next ten years. Today, just one in five Ethiopians live in cities; this will be one in four by 2025. This presents Ethiopia with a golden opportunity to get urbanisation right.
With good urban planning, the country can reach its twin goals of eradicating poverty and achieving middle income status in ten years time. This would require at least a doubling in gross domestic product (GDP).
A new report, released this week by the Global Commission on the Economy & Climate, led by the Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI) and the Global Green Growth Institute recommends planning and building compact, well-connected cities across the country. Such cities can cut costs, improve economic opportunities and create jobs, reduce congestion and pollution, and accelerate growth.
Read the full article.