This week in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, nearly 20 Ministers, as well as technical experts, and climate change negotiators from least developed countries (LDCs) in Africa, Asia, and the Pacific convened to discuss priorities to be addressed during the upcoming 23rd Conference of Parties (COP 23) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The group discussed ongoing needs to build capacity and accelerate access to financing and investment for climate change mitigation and adaptation in LDCs. Delegates addressed key climate change challenges and negotiation issues related to adaptation, loss and damage from climate change impacts, development and implementation of nationally determined contributions (NDCs), transparency and reporting processes, access to means of implementation (including finance, technology transfer, and capacity building), and cross-cutting issues such as gender.
The meeting served as a crucial opportunity to bring LDC Group negotiators together to refine and elaborate their positions in advance of COP 23, which will enable them to represent their interests in the negotiations leading to the expected adoption of the rule set that will guide implementation of the Paris Agreement after 2020. The meeting concluded with the adoption of the Addis Ababa Communiqué by nearly 20 LDC Group Ministers.
The LDC Group consists of the 48 poorest and most vulnerable countries in the world, which are disproportionately affected by impacts of climate change and face relatively low levels of social and economic development, severe financial constraints, and limited human, technical, and institutional capacity. The LDC Group was established under the UNFCCC in 2001 and has become increasingly proactive and vocal in ensuring global decisions on climate change are equitable, effective, and ambitious. Ethiopia assumed the chairmanship of the Group for the period 2017-2018.